Differential Diagnosis

Depending on the clinical features, a wide range of conditions should be considered as contributing to the alcohol withdrawal state or entirely explaining the presentation.  

      • Withdrawal from other drugs particularly benzodiazepines may mimic or accompany alcohol withdrawal.  

      • Drug intoxication with some stimulants. 

      • Intracranial disorders including encephalitis, meningitis, head injury and intracranial haemorrhage. 

      • Metabolic disorders such as hypoglycemia and electrolyte disorders. 

      • Mental disorders including schizophrenia. Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome should always be considered.